PUTRAWAN, GEDE EKA and Deviyanti, Rafista and Hidayatullah, Riyan (2017) The Implementation of Focus on Form and Focus on Meaning Instructions in English Language Teaching at the University of Lampung. Proceedings of International Conference 2nd SHIELD 2017. pp. 216-222. ISSN 9786026129994

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Abstract

This research was aimed at investigating the English ability of students of Physics Department of the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education at the University of Lampung before and after the implementation of Focus on Form and Focus on Meaning instructions, and at finding out the effectiveness of the two English language teaching instructions in increasing their English ability. This study applied a quantitative method through static-group comparison by using two instruments, a multiple-choice test and a speaking test. This study was conducted in two classes at the Department of Physics Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, the University of Lampung. They were students of the first semester 2014/2015 Academic Year studying English as a foreign language at the intermediate level for one semester. A total of 69 students were chosen as participants of this study with an average age of 18. The results show that it is better to apply Focus on Meaning instruction for teaching English speaking that that of Focus on Form. In terms of accuracy and mastery of linguistic forms, however, it is slightly better to use the Focus on Form instruction than that of Focus on Meaning. The Focus on Form instruction is proved to be effective enough to improve students’ grammatical ability. This gives an indication that this pedagogical technique is effective for diverting students’ attention to the grammatical aspects as they engage in activities that prioritize the understanding and delivery of written messages. While the Focus on Meaning instruction is proved to be effective to improve students’ speaking ability. Students who are taught using the Focus on meaning instruction are accustomed to conveying ideas without fear of making mistakes because through this instruction, grammatical errors are not particularly noticed, however, they are not entirely ignored either, yet the conditions are slightly tolerable. Keywords: Instructions, Focus on Form, Focus on Meaning, Linguistic Form, Speaking

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (FKIP) > Prodi Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Gede Eka Putrawan
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2018 02:22
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2018 02:22
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/7623

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