Indra Mamad, Gandidi A Comparison of Activated Natural Zeolite and Kaolin as a Catalyst in the Isothermal-Catalytic Cracking of Real MSW to Produce Bio-Oil. Journal of IOP Conferences Series: Earth and Environmental Science, - (-). pp. 1-8. ISSN 1755-1307 (In Press)

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Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/journal/1755-1315

Abstract

In this work, the real MSW converted into bio-oil have been investigated by pyrolysis method. The pyrolysis experimental was carried out in the isothermal fixed bed reactor at temperature 400 °C with reaction time 60 minutes. The natural activated zeolite and kaolin catalyst were employed in this process with catalyst-MSW ratio 0.5 w/w and influence of activated catalyst to pyrolysis productivity and bio-oil properties were studied. A comparison result between zeolite and kaoline catalytic pyrolysis was examined and bio-oil product was analyzed by GC-MS method which it can be used to identify carbon number range by percentage of peak areas. From this study, yields of liquid fuel or bio-oil were found around 23.6 and 21.4 for kaolin and zeolite catalytic pyrolysis respectively. The carbon range distribution in bio-oil was 65.38% peak area of gasoline range (C5-C12) and 33.49% peak area of diesel range (C13-C20) for activated kaolin catalytic cracking. For activated zeolite has 51.62% peak area of gasoline range (C5-C12) and 48.37% peak area of diesel range (C13-C20). Based on GCMS result, both of bio-oil products were mostly contains of paraffin and olefin. Regarding to the carbon range, the use of kaolin as catalyst was better than the zeolite to convert the real MSW into bio-oil. Keywords: MSW, natural catalyst, pyrolytic bio-oil

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik (FT) > Prodi Teknik Mesin
Depositing User: Mr. Indra Mamad Gandidi
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2017 04:59
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 04:59
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/5619

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