Hidayat, Wahyu and Suri, Intan Fajar and Febryano, Indra Gumay and Afkar, Hade and Rahmawati, Lusy and Duryat, Duryat and Kim, Namhun (2023) Environmentally-Friendly Wood Modification: Physical and Mechanical Properties of Jabon Wood (Anthocephalus cadamba) as Affected by Oil Heat Treatment. International Journal of Heat and Technology, 41 (3). pp. 769-774.

Environmentally-Friendly Wood Modification Physical and Mechanical Properties of Jabon Wood (Anthocephalus cadamba) as Affected by Oil Heat Treatment.pdf

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.18280/ijht.410334


Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba) is a promising fast-growing wood species to overcome the decreasing wood supply from natural forests. However, fast-growing wood has inferior properties compared to wood from natural forests, so improving the wood quality through oil heat treatment is needed. This research aimed to determine the effects of treatment temperature during oil heat treatment on the physical and mechanical properties of jabon wood. Each wood specimen was oil heat-treated at 170℃, 190℃, and 210℃ for 4 hours. Color change of wood after treatment was evaluated using the CIE-Lab color system. The weight changes, volume shrinkage, density, moisture content, compressive strength, and hardness before and after heat treatment were also observed. The results revealed that the lightness (L*) of wood remarkably decreased after oil heat treatment, showing a darker color with increasing treatment temperature so that it resembled the color of exotic wood with high economic value. Oil heat treatment resulted in a weight gain and a volume reduction of jabon wood, followed by an increase in density. The wood moisture content decreased as the temperature increased, indicating that wood is more hydrophobic after oil heat treatment, thereby enhancing its dimensional stability. Moreover, the oil heat treatment also increased the compressive and hardness of wood samples. In conclusion, it was found that the characteristics of jabon wood could be enhanced with oil heat treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Kehutanan
Depositing User: Wahyu Hidayat
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2023 06:39
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2023 06:39
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/52914

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