Warganegara, Arizka and Waley, Paul (2021) The Political Legacies of Transmigration and the Dynamics of Ethnic Politics: a case study from Lampung, Indonesia. Asian Ethnicity. pp. 1-22.

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Abstract

This paper discusses the political legacies of transmigration in local elections in Indonesia. Lampung in the south of Sumatra has an unusual ethnic make-up because in the past 100 years both the Dutch colonial administration and Indonesian Government have been implementing a transmigration programme, attempting to move people from densely populated areas to less densely populated ones. Transmigration has therefore changed the demographic pattern of Lampung, with the result that native Lampungese, who were in a majority in the 1930s, had become a minority ethnic group by 2010. Since 2005, the mode of local election has been changed from indirect to direct. As a consequence of this, there is a revival of ethnic identity politics in local elections. In this paper, we focus on a transmigration affected area where the descendants of Javanese transmigrants are numerically dominant and correspondingly powerful in local politics. This research leads us to argue that, as a result of the country’s decentralization policies and elections for local government offices, ethnicity has become an important factor in local elections and in transmigration affected areas has led to the political domination of Javanese transmigrant descendants in local politics. We further show how, in response to this situation, native Lampungese elites have adopted a number of strategies to help them retain a role in local politics. Our argument runs contrary to that of some scholars who have claimed that ethnicity is playing a diminishing role in Indonesian local elections.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: xxxxxx
Uncontrolled Keywords: local elections; ethnicity; transmigration; Indonesia; political elites
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JQ Political institutions Asia
J Political Science > JS Local government Municipal government
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik (FISIP) > Prodi Ilmu Pemerintahan
Depositing User: ARIZKA WAR
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2022 00:56
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2022 00:56
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/40360

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