Wulandari, Christine (2020) ANALYSIS OF GENDER MAINSTREAMING AND SOCIO ECONOMIC In the Cross Cutting Capacity Development (CCCD) Project At the Micro Watershed Model Way Khilau, Lampung Province. Pustaka Ali Imron, Bandarlampung. ISBN 978-602-5857-53-9

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In supporting the achievement of the 1992 Rio Convention, the government has ratified 3 conventions, namely: (1) Law No. 5 of 1999 concerning Ratification of the United Nation Convention on Biological Diversity, (2) Law No. 6 of 1999 concerning Ratification of the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change and (3) Presidential Decree No. 135 of 1998 on the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). In particular, the Government of Indonesia is developing the Capacity Development for Implementing Rio Conventions through Enhancing Incentive Mechanisms for Sustainable Watershed/Land Management (CCCD) Project. This project is being implemented at the Way Khilau MDM in Bayas Jaya Village (based on a decision from the PEP DAS Directorate No 13/PEPDAS/P2DAS/KLN.0/3/2018). The implementation of programs needs to be appropriate, according to conditions in the field as well as gender based. The purpose of the research carried out in August-September 2020 is to analyze changes in gender mainstreaming patterns and socioeconomic in Bayas Jaya after the intervention of the CCCD Site Coordinator Unit (SCU) Lampung Project. The analysis uses primary and secondary data. The number of respondents are 81 people, consisting of 78 people (33.3% are women, representing 20 community groups) and 3 village administrators. The results of the study are as follows: (1.) In 2020, gender roles increased by around 45% because the types of activities were increasingly diverse, there was also an increase in gender roles by around 15 - 20% in carrying out domestic activities. (2.) there was a 14% increase in gender roles in control over natural resources, but the role for access remained the same. (3.) There were 47.77% of respondents who already knew about climate change, 43% knew about biodiversity, and 67.4% had knowledge of land degradation. The average people agreed with all the symptoms and impacts of the 3 issues raised by CCCD. Out of 99.1 - 99.7% of the people of Bayas Jaya have done practices which were relevant to 3 CCCD issues. (4) 55% of respondents stated that the Lampung SCU CCCD Team played a role in providing information on the 3 CCCD issues. (5.) There were about 9% of the people who were originally nonagricultural then turned into farmers. After the intervention of the CCCD SCU Lampung program, community groups received two grants and had the prospect of a significant increase in income, namely IDR 769,747 or more than 100%. (6.) The Lampung SCU CCCD project has supported around 41% of funding to improve the community economy in Bayas Jaya. (7.) There are 5 business clusters of the Bayas Jaya community whose activities reflect 3 CCCD issues. (a.) The home industry cluster for 6 KWTH institutions have the prospect of providing economic support of 5% - 7% per month, (b.) The agrosilvopastoral cluster. Each member of the Andan Jejama Cluster group will receive around IDR 10,000 - 30,000/goat or supporting a family income of 0.7% -2.1%, the members of the Setia Hati cluster will receive estimatedly at IDR 6,000 - 17,000/goat or supporting a family income of IDR. 0.4 -1.2%. (c.) Agro Silvofishery Cluster : The members of KTH Indah Makmur get around IDR 110,000/person, while KTH Damar Kubang members get IDR 180,000/person. (d.) Pokdarling Cluster. The head of Pokdarling is a woman and the gender role is 45%. The income is around IDR 100,000 - 150,000 per month. (e.) Pokdarwis Cluster. Their gender role is 46% and they do not have income because all tourist locations have not yet started to be charged for entrance fees. (7.) Factors affecting gender roles are: Internal: (a.) Women's perceptions of themselves, (b.) Women's knowledge of forest sustainability, (c.) Forest utilization rates, and (d.) Family social status ; External: (a.) Community perceptions of the role of women in managing forests, (b.) The length of time of the husbands becoming members of KTH. (8.) Gender roles in every important value of agroforestry are, as follows: utilization of non-timber forest products (sources of food , medicines and fruits) is around 69%, utilization of timber forest products is around 15%, water supply or preservation is around 28% , ecotourism development is around 46%, wildlife habitat preservation is 10%, livestock use is around 12%, customary use is 12%, fish pond management is 14%, honey bee maintenance is 13%, and ecotourism development is 46%. (9) Specifically, gender roles in Village Community Institutions have reached 22% (10.) The prospect of gender roles in supporting household income is around 7-10%/month. (11.) The gender role reached 53% in waste recycling and environmental sanitation efforts. (12.) Best practices: (a) The gender role made up 40% in agroforestry management in customary lands/private forest and generated an income of IDR 3,693,875 / hectare/month outside timber forest products (b.) The ratio of the roles of men: women was 53%: 47% in managing agroforestry in Dusun Sinar Jaya and earning IDR 2,260,000/hectare/month (c.) The gender role in the landscape of agroforestry land near Batu Perahu tourist sites reached 55% and earned IDR 490,000/month from candlenut and lemongrass. (12.) Conclusion. (a.) The programs of the Lampung SCU CCCD Project Team have reflected the 3 CCCD issues and given a positive impact on gender roles and equality. (b.) there is an impact of the welfare improvement of the community and the facilitation of its development, however, still needs to be improved. (13.) Recommendations. (1.) It is necessary to immediately formulate an umbrella policy for community empowerment programs based on gender mainstreaming. (b) It is necessary to increase the capacity of human resources (individuals and institutions). (c.) It is necessary to increase gender capacity in economic improvement.

Item Type: Book
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Magister Ilmu Kehutanan
Depositing User: CHRISTINE
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2021 02:00
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2021 02:00
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/27913

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