Hasanudin, Udin (2016) Waste Treatment and Utilization in Indonesian Palm Oil Industries. In: International conference on chemical engineering 2016, 27-28 October 2016, Bandung Indonesia.


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Sustainability is important issue in Indonesian Palm Oil Industries. Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) and Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) are main waste from palm oil mill. The treatment and utilization of POME and EFB in Indonesian palm oil mills have several methods. The objectives of this research was to evaluate the impact of commons practices and some proposed method of POME and EFB treatment and utilization to the sustainability of Indonesian palm oil industries. The greenhouse gases (GHG) emission, water pollution, soil microbial diversity, renewable energy production, and fresh fruit bunches (FFB) productivity were used as sustainability indicators. Methane capture together with anaerobic composting is the best propose method to increase the sustainability of palm oil industries which is located close to the electricity grid. Co-composting of EFB and POME is good for improving the sustainability of palm oil industries which is located far from the electricity grid. Treated POME and compost application increasing the numbers of microorganism in the soil of oil palm plantation followed by increasing FFB production. The higher renewable energy production was achieved through methane capture together with anaerobic composting. All of the common and propose method were successfully to reduce the potential of water pollution caused by palm oil mill significantly.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Depositing User: Prof. UDIN HASANUDIN
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2017 11:54
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2017 11:54
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/2709

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