Hudoyo, Agus and Nurmayasari, Indah (2019) THE IMPACT OF THE GOVERNMENT EFFORTS TO INCREASE RICE PRODUCTION ON ITS PRODUCTIVITY AND HARVEST AREA IN INDONESIA. In: Perhepi. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

A high production of rice is very important to fulfill its need in Indonesia. To obtain it, since the 1960’s, the Indonesian government has been implementing the production increasing program in rice. In 1984, Indonesia was self-sufficiency in rice. However, it had been happening just for four years. The question is whether the program has the significant impact on the increasing of the rice productivity and harvest area in order to increase its production. This study attempts to answer these questions. The data used in this study are the FAO’s data. They are time series data, i.e. from 1961 to 2017. They were analyzed by using the econometric models. Their dependent variables are the rice productivity for Model 1 and the rice harvest area for Model 2. Both models have six dummy variables as the independent variables for differentiating seven periods of the government efforts. The result revealed that it had been statistically significant in increasing the productivity and the harvest area. At the beginning of the green revolution (1961-1967), the average of its productivity was 1.76 tons/ha and in the period 2015-2017 (Upsus), the average of its productivity was 5.24 tons/ha. In addition, the average of its harvest area was 7.20 million ha in the period 1961-1967 and it was 15.02 million ha in the period 2015-2017 (Upsus). The average rate of the increment in rice productivity in the Upsus program was 0.23 tons/ha per year being the second highest and the average rate of the increment for the rice harvest area in the Upsus program was 0.72 million ha per year being the highest. Therefore, the Upsus is a government program that has the highest influence in increasing rice production. Keywords: intensification, extensification, productivity, harvest area

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Agribisnis
Depositing User: AGUS HUDOY
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 07:23
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2019 07:23
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/16943

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