Sugiarto, B. and Handayani, T.T. and Yulianty, Yulianty and Zulkifli, Zulkifli (2018) PENGARUH PERENDAMAN DAN TINGKAT KEMATANGAN BUAH KAKAO (Theobroma cacao L) TERHADAP PERKECAMBAHAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN KECAMBAH BIJI KAKAO. Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati, 5 (1). pp. 19-26. ISSN 2338-4344

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Abstract

Cocoa is the most cultivated plantation in Indonesia and has high economic value. To support the success of the need for provision of superior seeds and quality can be seen one of them by looking at the level of maturity in the fruit. The purpose of this research is to know the effect of immersion and maturity level of cocoa fruit to germination and growth of cocoa bean sprout. The research was conducted in November - December 2017 at Botanical Laboratory of Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lampung University. This research uses a completely randomized factorial design. Factor A is three levels of fruit maturity consisting of yellow in fruit groove (A1), yellow in groove and fruit back (A2), and yellow on all parts of fruit (A3). Factor B is soaking 24 hours (B1) and 0 hours (B2). The observed variables were percentage of germination, plant height, dry weight, shoot root ratio and chlorophyll a, b and total. The data obtained were analyzed variation at α 5%, when the interaction between factor A and B was then followed by the smallest real difference test (BNT) α 5%. The results showed that soaking treatment and maturity level of different cocoa fruit had an effect on the percentage of germination, plant height, plant dry weight, shoot root ratio and chlorophyll content a, b and total. The best combination was found in the immersion treatment with the yellow maturity level on the groove and the fruit back (A2B1) on the germination process and sprout growth in all observed variables, for the content of chlorophyll b and total content found in the immersion treatment with the level yellow maturity in the fruit groove (A1B1).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (FMIPA) > Prodi Biologi
Depositing User: T. T. HANDAYANI
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2018 04:13
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2018 04:13
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/9049

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