Ginting, Cipta and Maryono, Tri (2009) PHYSIC NUT (JATROPHA CURCAS L.) DISEASES IN LAMPUNG PROVINCE. BIOTROPIA Vol. 16 No. 1, 2009: 45 - 54, 16 (1). pp. 45-54. ISSN 02165023

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ABSTRACT Intensifi ed cultivation of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) could raise the importance of plant diseases. T e objectives of this research were to diagnose diseases occurring on physic nut in Lampung Province and to determine their intensity. Field observation was conducted in four districts: South Lampung, Tanggamus, Bandarlampung, and Tulang Bawang. Disease intensity, whether expressed as disease incidence or severity, was recorded from plant samples determined by making diagonal lines across the fi eld on which fi ve observation spots were made. On each spot, fi ve plant samples were observed. Specimens were also collected and placed individually in plastic bags for laboratory observation. T e diseases found on physic nut in Lampung Province were cercospora leaf spot, alternaria leaf spot, fusarium wilt, and bacterial wilt. In addition, leaf malformation fi rst thought to be viral disease was commonly found in many locations. Further mechanical transmission failed to produce similar symptom on tested plants and higher population of mites were found on malformed leaves than that in normal leaves. Based on the disease distribution and intensity, the most likely threatening disease in physic nut cultivation is bacterial wilt. Fusarium also caused wilt, but it was only found in one subdistrict with low incidence. Key words: Alternaria, Cercospora, fusarium wilt, bacterial wilt, Jatropha curcas diseases

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Proteksi Tanaman
Depositing User: Prof Cipta Ginting
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2016 01:30
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2016 01:30

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