Muhammad, Ibnu (2016) Certification and farmer organization in the Indonesian coffee sector: benefits from a smallholder point-of-view. 22nd International Sustainable Development Research Society Conference (ISDRS 2016), Lisbon, Portugal. ISBN 78-972-674-791-8

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Abstract

In this paper we distinguish three types of farmer organizations in the Indonesian coffee sector; farmer groups, cooperatives and KUBEs. These organizations differ in their organizational structure, have been initiated and managed by different ministries and adopt different sets of rules. We are interested in the way in which different organizational structures affect Indonesian coffee smallholders and whether certified group members perceive more or different benefits than their uncertified counterparts. The paper addresses three questions: (1) 1. How do different forms of farmer organizations differ in their organizational structure, and what is the role of certification? (2) How and to what extent can the differences in perceived benefits be related to differences in organizational structure? (3) What is the relative importance of certification -compared to organization- in explaining differences in perceived benefits? To answer these questions, we include certified and uncertified smallholders in our research. The certified smallholders are part of different schemes: Fairtrade, Utz certified, Rainforest Alliance, and 4C. Both for the certified and uncertified farmers, we include farmers who are member of farmer groups, cooperatives or KUBEs (or a combination), and farmers who are not part of any formal form of organization. We found that the differences of organizational structure and certification schemes have little effects on the differences of farmers’ perceive benefits, the organizational structures the certified farmers are part of do not necessarily create more benefits than the organizational structure of uncertified farmers, organizational structures in different certification schemes do not differently benefit farmers, and organization is relatively more important than certification in explaining the differences of perceived benefits.

Item Type: Book
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Agribisnis
Depositing User: Dr. Muhammad Ibnu
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2018 07:48
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2018 07:48
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/8630

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