Evizal, Rusdi and Prasmatiwi, Fembriarti Erry and Pasaribu, Maria Christina and ivayani, ivayani and Wibowo, Lestari and Rahmawati, Winda and Karyanto, Agus (2017) COMPETITIVE AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION OF COCOA IN TANGGAMUS, LAMPUNG PROVINCE, INDONESIA. In: PROCEEDING OF ISAE INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR BANDAR LAMPUNG, AUGUST 10-12, 2017, 10-12 Agustus 2017, Bandar Lampung.

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Abstract

Lampung province is the 7th largest cocoa producers in Indonesia where 18,906 ha of them situated in Tanggamus Regency. This regency was the major producer of both coffee and cocoa. In the last 13 years, the coffee growing area decreased by 11.61% and its production decreased by 24.01%, meanwhile the cocoa growing area and its production increased by 400%. This study was aimed to explore the competitiveness and weakness factors of sustainable cocoa production in Tanggamus. The survey was taken at two sub-district of Tanggamus Regency which purposively sampled based on different land suitability. Field survey, interview, and focused group discussion were conducted in 2016-2017. Feasibility study was done in Bulok Sub-district using a total of 60 family samples.The finding showed that cocoa farming was more competitive than coffee farming for the following reasons: higher price (in 2008-2015 cocoa price was 20.12% higher than coffee price), higher farm income (Rp 12,808,551 compared to Rp 6,583,484) and higher ratio R/C (1.85 compared to 1.48). Beside coffee, cocoa land areas with moderate suitability and good market access could out compete the usage of land for other cash crops including fruits and vegetables that usually having high price. Nonetheless, the sustainability of cocoa production in Tanggamus faced some weaknesses i.e. low availability of high yielding planting materials and that resistant to pest and diseases, high incidence of pest and disease in the field, obstacles of replanting or rejuvenating old and less productive cocoa stands, variability of bean production, and low quality of unfermented bean and improperly drying. Key words: cocoa, coffee, competitive, production, sustainable

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: A General Works > AC Collections. Series. Collected works
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Agribisnis
Depositing User: Dr. Fembriarti Erry Prasmatiwi
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2018 02:02
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2018 02:02
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/8016

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