Widodo, Soesiladi E. and Kamal, Muhammad and Zulferiyenni, None and Fitria, None and Lerizka, Mira and Sari, Mely Y. (2017) Postharvest Applications of Chitosan and Plastic Wrapping to Mangosteen Fruits of Different Fruit Stages in Affecting Fruit Shelf-Life and Qualities. International Journal of Technology and Engineering Studies, 3 (6). pp. 224-228. ISSN 2414-3413

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Abstract

Mangosteen is a highly valued horticultural commodity and selection for a postharvest technology is needed. The research objective was to study the effects of chitosan and plastic wrapping applied to mangosteen fruits harvested in different stages to prolong fruit shelf-life and maintain high qualities. This research used a randomized complete block design of 4 x 3 x 2 factorial. The first factor was maturity stage (0, 2, 3, and 4), the second was chitosan (0, 1.25, and 2.50 %), and the third was plastic wrapping (without and with one-layer plastic wrapping). The results showed that fruit stages 0 and 2 had a shelf-life 2.96 and 3.15 days longer, consecutively, compared to later stages. Single-chitosan treatment of 2.5% was able to extend shelf-life by 6.48 days longer than the control, and plastic wrapping was able to prolong shelf-life by 3.85 days longer than the control. Applying 2.50% chitosan and plastic wrapping to stages 0 and 2 lengthened significantly fruit shelf-life to 21.20 and 19.83 days, consecutively, with the fruit qualities were unaffected. Because there may be missjuged on fruit physiological maturity to fruits of stage 0, applying 2.50% chitosan and plastic wrapping to fruit stage 2 seems to be more reasonable.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Agronomi dan Hortikultura
Depositing User: PROF. DR. SOESILADI E. WIDODO
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2018 01:54
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2018 01:54
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/7966

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