Gandidi, Indra Mamad and Susila, M Dyan and Rustamaji, Heri (2018) Effect of natural zeolite and kaolin as a catalyst in the isothermal-catalytic cracking of real municipal solid waste (MSW) for bio-oil production. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 160 (012018). pp. 1-9. ISSN doi :10.1088/1755-1315/160/1/012018

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Abstract

A real MSW conversion into bio-oil by pyrolysis method had been investigated. The pyrolysis experiment was carried out in an isothermal fixed bed reactor at 400 °C for 60 min. Natural activated zeolite and kaolin catalysts were employed in this process with catalyst-MSW at ratio of 0.5 w/w. Influence of activated catalyst to pyrolysis productivity and bio-oil properties were studied. Comparison between zeolite and kaolin catalytic pyrolysis was examined and biooil products were analyzed by GC-MS. The yields of liquid fuel or bio-oil were found around 23.6 and 21.4% for kaolin and zeolite catalytic pyrolysis, respectively. The carbon range distribution in bio-oil were 65.38% of gasoline range (C5-C12) and 33.49% of diesel range (C13- C20) for activated kaolin catalytic cracking. Activated zeolite had 51.62% of gasoline range (C5- C12) and 48.37% of diesel range (C13-C20). The results showed that both of bio-oil products mostly contained paraffin and olefin. The use of kaolin as catalyst was better than zeolite in converting the real MSW into bio-oil.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik (FT) > Prodi Teknik Mesin
Depositing User: M DYAN SUSILA
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2018 08:36
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2018 08:36
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/7894

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