Adhikari, Sushil and Fernando, Sandun D. and To, S. D. Filip and Bricka, R. Mark and Steele, Philip H. and Haryanto, Agus (2008) Conversion of Glycerol to Hydrogen via a Steam Reforming Process over Nickel Catalysts. Energy and Fuels, 22. pp. 1220-1226.

Paper 08 EF 2008Conversion of glycerol to hydrogen.pdf

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A glut of inexpensive glycerol has resulted from expanding biodiesel production around the world. This glycerol could be used as a good renewable source to produce hydrogen fuel. Hydrogen production from glycerol via a steam reforming process over Ni/CeO2, Ni/MgO, and Ni/TiO2 catalysts was studied. The catalysts were characterized by using X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, BET surface area analysis, metal dispersion, active surface area analysis, and hydrogen temperature programmed reduction. Ni/CeO2 had the highest surface area (67.0 m2/g) followed by Ni/TiO2 (64.9 m2/g) and Ni/MgO (50.2 m2/g). Also, Ni/CeO2 showed the highest metal dispersion (6.14%) compared to Ni/MgO (0.38%) and Ni/TiO2 (0.29%). Effects of reaction temperatures, feed flow rates (FFRs), and water/glycerol molar ratios (WGMRs) on hydrogen selectivity and glycerol conversion were analyzed. Ni/CeO2 was found to be the best performing catalyst compared to Ni/MgO and Ni/TiO2 under the experimental conditions investigated. Ni/CeO2 gave the maximum hydrogen selectivity of 74.7% at a WGMR of 12:1, temperature of 600 °C, and FFR of 0.5 mL/min compared to Ni/MgO (38.6%) and Ni/TiO2 (28.3%) under similar conditions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Teknik Pertanian
Depositing User: Dr. Ir. AGUS HARYANTO
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2016 15:39
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 15:39

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