Risnasari, Iwan and Febrianto, Fauzi and Wistara, I Nyoman Jaya and Sadiyo, Sucahyo and Nikmatin, Siti and Teramoto, Yoshikuni and Lee, Seunghwan and Jang, Jaehyuk and Hidayat, Wahyu and Kim, Namhun (2017) Characterization of cellulose nanocrystal with cellulose II polymorph from primary sludge and its application to PVA nanocomposites. Wood Science and Technology, 52 (2). pp. 555-565. ISSN 0043-7719

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Characterization of cellulose nanocrystal with cellulose II polymorph from primary sludge and its application to PVA nanocomposites.pdf

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00226-0...

Abstract

Cellulose nanocrystals with cellulose II polymorph (CNC-II) were obtained from primary sludge fiber (PSF) in a pulp and paper mill by sulfuric acid hydrolysis after purification to remove inorganic materials and lignin. The CNC-IIs obtained were applied as reinforcing fillers for polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Characterization of CNC-IIs was performed using FTIR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The morphology, conductivity, and tensile properties of CNC-IIs-reinforced PVA nanocomposites were also investigated. Purification treatment effectively reduced non-cellulosic material in the sludge, increasing the cellulose content from 39.87 to 76.34%. The conductivity and tensile properties of the PVA/CNC-II nanocomposite was better than those of neat PVA and PVA/PSF composite.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
S Agriculture > SD Forestry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Kehutanan
Depositing User: Wahyu Hidayat
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2018 03:53
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2018 03:53
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/7479

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