Kanedi, Mohammad Germplasm Diversity Of Banana (Musa Spp) in The City of Bandar Lampung, Indonesia by Type of Genome and Number of Chromosome. Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences (SJAVS), 5 (4). pp. 251-254. ISSN 2348–1854

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Abstract

Bananas have a high diversity, so it can be a source of germplasm in plant breeding programs. This research aimed to investigate diversity of banana (Musa spp.) germplasm in the City of Bandar Lampung based on the number of chromosome and types of genome. The banana plant samples were taken randomly from 12 districts in Bandar Lampung. Morphological characterization for genomic determination of the plants was done using 15 characters from Simmonds and Shepherd (1955) and the expectation scores of genomes was adopted from Silayoi and Camchalow (1987). Banana chromosomes number was determined using the squash method.The results showed among 27 accessions of bananas collected from Bandar Lampung City, 26 accessions belong to the genus Musa, namely Musa acuminata, Musa balbisiana, Musa paradisiaca, and 1 accession belonging the genus Rhodhoclamys. The diversity of banana species in Bandar Lampung City is moderate. Variation of the genome obtained include AA (5 accessions), AAA (4 accessions), AAB (5 accessions), ABB (3 accessions), ABBB (1 accession), BBB (3 accessions), and 5 other accessions that cannot be determined. Chromosome number of the banana accessions found in Bandar Lampung is 22 (diploid), 33 (triploid) and 44 (tetraploid)

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (FMIPA) > Prodi Biologi
Depositing User: Drs.M.Si. Mohammad Kanedi
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2018 01:39
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2018 01:39
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/7384

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