Febryano, Indra Gumay and RUSITA, RUSITA and Yuwono, Slamet Budi (2018) POTENTIAL SWAMP FOREST AS EDUCATIONAL TOURISM SUPPORT BASED ON CONSERVATION OF SUMATERAN ELEPHANT (Elephas maximus sumatranus). Critical Tourism Studies-Asia Pacific Conference. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Swamp forest has the potential of flora and fauna that can support elephant tourism because it is one of the natural habitats of elephants. This study aims to determine the potential of swamp forest as a support of education based on educational conservation of Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus). The data collection of flora was done by the printed path method, interview and literature study; then the data were analyzed by calculating the important value index, the Shannon-Wiener diversity index, and the quality of species diversity according to Fandeli (1992), as well as the analysis of plants and parts of the Sumatran elephant's natural feed. Data on eating and salting elephants were recorded using a sampling scan method, for 60 minutes within 7 days of observation. The results showed that there were 25 types of vegetation for swamp forest in Elephant Conservation Center, Way Kambas National Park, with 5 species that have the highest important index value of Brachiaria mutica 47.8%, Eleocharis dulcis 46.2%, Fimbristylis umbellaris 27%, Cyperus rotundus 16.5% and Themeda arguens 13.3%. The diversity of vegetation types based on Shannon-Wiener's diversity index is moderate, 99% of species found are natural feeds favored by Sumatran elephants. While the quality of flora diversity for tourism development is good (25 species). Most of the elephant activity is eating (30.74%), while salting is done when elephants feel the need for minerals. The management can do reforestation to increase the diversity of vegetation type, especially the Sumatran elephant's natural food species, so that its existence can support the preservation of elephant and educational tourism based on Sumatran elephant conservation. Key words : swamp forests, educational tourism, conservation, Sumatran elephants

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Kehutanan
Depositing User: Indra Gumay Febryano
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2018 01:51
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2018 01:51
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/7271

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