Hadi, Agung Efriyo and Salit, Mohd. Sapuan and Hamdan Megat Ahmad, Megat Mohd and Khairul Zaman Hj Mohd, Dahlan and Usman, Mustofa (2010) Physical Properties of Abaca (Musa textilis nee) Fibre Reinforced High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS) Composites. Pertanika J. Sci. & Technol. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 19 (2). pp. 349-363. ISSN 0128-7680

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Abstract

The physical properties by natural fibre have a great importance, specifically in the structural of natural fibre which reinforces matrix. Response surface methodology with Box-Behnken (BB) design of experiment was utilized to study water absorption and melt flow index (MFI) of abaca fibre reinforced high impact polystyrene (HIPS) composites. The design utilizes fraction of weight abaca fibre, maleic anhydride (MAH), and impact modifier to develop models for characteristic behaviours of water absorption and MFI of composites. Abaca fibre reinforced high impact polystyrene (HIPS) composites were produced with different fibre loadings (30, 40, and 50 wt%), different compositions of coupling agent, maleic anhydried (MAH) (1, 2, and 3 wt%) and different compositions of impact modifier (4, 5, 6 wt%). The individual optimum of water absorption was found when loading abaca fibre close to 34.61 wt%, maleic anhydride 1 wt%, and impact modifier 4.01 wt%. The individual optimum of melt flow index dealt with loading abaca fibre 36.71 wt%, maleic anhydride 3 wt% and impact modifier 4.02 wt%. Meanwhile, the optimum condition for water absorption of abaca fibre reinforced HIPS composites was followed by a decreasing trend of the value of melt flow index.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (FMIPA) > Prodi Matematika
Depositing User: MUSTOFA US
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2018 04:39
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2018 04:39
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/6819

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