Supono, Supono and Sarida, Munti and Setyawan, Agus and Yudha, Indra Gumay (2023) Freshwater Pacific white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) culture integrated with agriculture in Lampung Province, Indonesia. AACL BIOFLUX, 16 (5). pp. 2538-2545. ISSN 1844-8143


Download (229kB) | Preview
Official URL:


Pacific white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) cultivation using freshwater has been carried out by farmers in Indonesia, especially in Lampung Province. The cultivation areas using freshwater can be conducted by farmer with agricultural activities where shrimp farming waste can be used as fertilizer for rice plants. However, information regarding the performance of Pacific white shrimp cultivation in freshwater in Indonesia and its problems is still very limited. This research aimed to study the cultivation of freshwater Pacific white shrimp integrated with agriculture in Lampung Province, its performance, economic analysis, and future development prospects. This research method used observation and literature study, and the data collected were the pond area, groundwater quality, stocking density, treatment during the cultivation process, problems, and the performance of Pacific white shrimp. Four freshwater shrimp ponds located in Palas District, South Lampung Regency (40 km from the nearest coastline) were observed. The results showed that Pacific white shrimp can be cultivated using freshwater with good performance. The average growth, survival rate, productivity, and B/C (benefit/cost) ratio is 0.22 g day-1, 82%, 1.5 kg m-2, and 0.7, respectively. The problem that often occurs is the death of shrimp caused by failure to molt due to a lack of macrominerals mainly calcium and potassium. Calcium concentration can be increased by application of CaCO3 while potassium concentration can be increased by application of KCl. Meanwile, Pacific white shrimp cultivation using freshwater has good prospects for development and integration with agriculture due to good performance, economically profitable, and the waste can be used as fertilizer for plants. Key Words: B/C ratio, growth, macromineral, molt, productivity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Budidaya Perairan
Depositing User: SUPONO
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2023 01:16
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2023 01:16

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item