Rustamaji, Heri and Prakoso, Tirto and Devianto, Hary and Widiatmoko, Pramujo and Hendra Saputra, WIbawa (2022) Urea nitrogenated mesoporous activated carbon derived from oil palm empty fruit bunch for high-performance supercapacitor. Journal of Energy Storage, 52 (2022). p. 104724.

2022 Rustamaji _Urea nitrogenated mesoporous activated carbon derived from oil palm empty fruit bunch for high-performance supercapacitor.pdf

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This study aims to synthesize urea nitrogenated activated carbon (N-ACU) derived from oil palm empty fruit bunches and examine its performance as a supercapacitor electrode. The synthesis was carried out in three stages: hydrothermal carbonization with CaCl2 activator, impregnation with urea, and activation of nitrogenated hydrochar with CO2 gas. The urea to hydrochar impregnation ratio was varied by weight at 1, 2, and 3, while physical characterization of the material was carried out by SEM, XRD, adsorption/desorption isotherms, and FTIR. Porosity analysis showed that all the samples had a mesoporous structure with 3.3–5.8 nm and a BET surface area of 363.88–640.61 m2 g−1. Furthermore, the electrochemical characterization indicated that the optimum result was obtained for the N-ACU3 sample with an electrode-specific capacitance value of 176.76 F g− 1 at a scan rate of 2 mV s− 1. The highest energy and power density values at the current of 1 A g− 1 were 19.89 Wh kg− 1 and 1431.20 W kg− 1, respectively. Durability tests of supercapacitor carried out by cyclic charge-discharge for 5000 cycles showed that the coulombic efficiency and capacitance retentions were approximately 100% and 98.7%, respectively. Based on the results, the urea to hydrochar impregnation ratio affects the characteristic of N-ACU and the performance of supercapacitors. In addition, urea nitrogenated treatment on activated carbon can reduce the ohmic and charge transfer resistance and maintain the supercapacitor's cell stability. The improved supercapacitor performance indicates that the Synthesis of nitrogenated activated carbon from biomass waste can be a promising method for producing electrode materials.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik (FT) > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: HERI Heri Rustamaji
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2023 08:09
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2023 08:09

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