Prakoso, Tirto and Rustamaji, Heri and Devianto, Hary and Widiatmoko, Pramujo and Yonathan, Daniel and Rizkiana, Jeny and Guan, Guoxqng (2022) The Study of Hydrothermal Carbonization and Activation Factors’Effect on Mesoporous Activated Carbon Production from Sargassum sp. Using a Multilevel Factorial Design. Reaktor, Vol. 2 (No. 2). pp. 59-69. ISSN 0852-0798 e-ISSN. 2407-5973

2022 Prakoso_The study of hydrothermal carbonization and activation (published).pdf

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL:


Seaweeds are large-scale multicellular marine algae categorized based on color as Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae, and Phaeophyceae. No information has been provided on the conditions affecting the production of mesoporous activated carbon from one member of the described aquatic plants, Sargassum sp. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the impact of the main factors and their interactions on Sargassum sp.-derived activated carbon manufactured (SAC) by hydrothermal carbonization and CO2 activation methods. A mathematical approach was employed using a multilevel factorial design with the main factors being the activator type (ZnCl2, CaCl2, & KOH), hydrothermal temperature (200, 225, & 250oC), and activator ratios (2 & 4). Meanwhile, the response variables were yield and BET surface area (SBET) of SAC. Morphological, functional, crystallographic, and porosity characterization was carried out on the samples. The SAC-Ca-200-2 sample had the highest yield, with the value of 26.5 percent of weight. The activators having the highest specific surface area (SBET) were SAC-Zn-250-4, SAC-Ca-225-2, and SAC�K-250-2, with 1552, 1368, and 1799 m2/g, respectively. The pore size distribution in SAC products ranged from 2.16 to 10 nm in diameter. The analysis conducted indicated that the activator type and interaction with its ratio substantially impacted the SAC yield value; besides, only the activator type affects the formation of high surface area.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik (FT) > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: HERI Heri Rustamaji
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2023 08:09
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2023 08:09

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item