Siti Alvina Octavia, Siti and Rani Himayani, Rani (2017) Diagnosis dan Tatalaksana Retinitis Pigmentosa: Studi Kasus. Majority (Medical Journal of Lampung) Volume 6, Nomor 3, Juli Tahun 2017, 6 (3). pp. 75-80. ISSN ISSN 2337-3776

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Abstract

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the name given to a diverse group of inherited eye disorders. Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) is the most common hereditary progressive retinal degenerations and is first cause of irreversible blindness in developed countries among persons under 70 years of age. It is characterised by progressive degeneration of the retinal photoreceptors. These changes may include difficulty with vision in dim light or the dark and loss of your side or peripheral vision. Clinical features of the retina on the funduscopy are hyperpigmentation of the retina midperifer with a distinctive pattern (bone spicules). Man, 35 years old, presenting with have poor night vision and a loss of side vision (tunnel vision). Patients also often stumble when walking. Internal factors such as genetic factor, curative treatment. The external factors include low income, psychosocial aspects is lack of support and family knowledge about the patients disease. Ophthalmological status oculi dextra and sinistra visus 1/60. Anterior segments in the right and left eyes is normal. Posterior segments in the right and left eyes there is black’s pigment spots on the peripheral region of the retina. Management of this patient such as Vitamin A. Patients are given education on the importance of taking medication regularly. Family support is needed to encourage patients. Patients are encouraged to regularly visit an eye specialist to monitor the disorder. Complex clinical problems takes a long time and the cooperation between the family doctor and the patient's family. Keywords: Eye disease, retina, retinitis pigmentosa.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran (FK) > Prodi Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: dr. RANI HIMAYANI, Sp.M
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2017 14:39
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2017 14:39
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/5133

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