Hidayati, Sri and Budiyanto, Eugene and Saputra, Hadi and Hadi, Sutopo and Iswanto, Apri Heri and Solihat, Nissa Nurfajrin and Antov, Petar and Hua, Lee Seng and Fatriasari, Widya and Salit, Mohd. Sapuan (2023) Characterization of Formacell Lignin Derived from Black Liquor as a Potential Green Additive for Advanced Biocomposites. Tech Science Press, united states. (In Press)

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Black liquor is obtained as a by-product of the pulping process, which is used to convert biomass into pulp by removing lignin, hemicelluloses and other extractives from wood to free cellulose fibers. Lignin represents a major constituent in black liquor, with quantities varying from 20% to 30%, of which a very low share is used for manufacturing value-added products, while the rest is mainly burned for energy purposes, thus underestimating its great potential as a raw material. Therefore, it is essential to establish new isolation and extraction methods to increase lignin valorization in the development of bio-based chemicals. The aim of this research work was to determine the effect of KOH or ethanol concentration as an isolation agent on lignin yields and the chemical characteristics of lignin isolated from formacell black liquor of oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB). Isolation of lignin was carried out using KOH with various concentrations ranging from 5% to 15% (w/v). Ethanol was also used to precipitate lignin from black liquor at concentrations varying from 5% to 30% (v/v). The results obtained showed that the addition of KOH solution at 12.5% and 15% concentrations resulted in better lignin yield and chemical properties of lignin, i.e., pH values of 3.86 and 4.27, lignin yield of 12.78% and 14.95%, methoxyl content of 11.33% and 10.13%, and lignin equivalent weights of 476.25 and 427.03, respectively. Due to its phenolic structure and rich functional groups that are favorable for modifications, lignin has the potential to be used as a green additive in the development of advanced biocomposite products in various applications to replace current fossil fuel-based material, ranging from fillers, fire retardants, formaldehyde scavengers, carbon fibers, aerogels, and wood adhesives.

Item Type: Other
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Teknologi Hasil Pertanian
Depositing User: sri hidaya sri hidayati -
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2023 00:59
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2023 00:59
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/50777

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