Awaliah, ATS and Dewi, Bainah Sari and Winarno, Gunardi Djoko and Harianto, Sugeng P. and Tikita, Norio (2017) Feeding Behaviour of Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerohinus sumatrensis) in Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary Way Kambas National Park. IC-STAR 2017, 3. pp. 58-66.


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Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is nocturnal wildlife with complex behaviour. Sumatran Rhinoceros feeding time usually occurs at midnight before morning and in the morning as well. The feeding behavior of Sumatran Rhinoceros will be different in natural habitat and sanctuary. The information about Sumatran Rhinoceros behaviour can support the conservation effort that undertaken. This research aims to analyze the feeding behavior of Sumatran Rhinoceros in Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary. This research was conducted on July 2017 at Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary Way Kambas National Park and the object was one female Sumatran rhinoceros named "Ratu". The Focal Animal Sampling was used to observe Sumatran Rhinoceros feeding behavior. The results showed that the dynamics of feeding activity with the highest percentage occurs in the morning (07.00-10.00 WIB) that is equal to 70% and the proportion of feeding time in a day is 35% of total daily time. The percentage was comparison of total drop-in feeding activity time at amount 1792 minute and total drop-in feeding activity time at amount 419 minute with Ratu’s total daily activity started from 07.00 WIB until 18.00 WIB, in amount of 6359 minute. Drop-in feeding was given twice a day. The drop-in feeding behavior of the Sumatran Rhinoceros is made as natural as possible by minimizing handfeeding like spesificallty put the feed inside the cage and let the rhino eat independently to maintain its natural behavior. Naturally the Sumatran Rhinceros feeding behavior begins by walking to the feed source and sniffing the feed then the Sumatran Rhinoceros will push the trees with their heads or bodies then stepped on with their feet until it fell down, and then they pulling roots, twisting the branches, or breaking branches with mouth. Keywords— Behaviour, Sumatran Rhinoceros, Feeding, Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary, Way Kambas National Park.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Magister Ilmu Kehutanan
Depositing User: Gunardi Djoko Winarno
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2018 01:53
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2018 01:53

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