Manik, Tumiar Katarina (2017) The Impact of Urban Heat Islands: Assesing vulnerability in Indonesia. British Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 07 (02). pp. 119-134. ISSN 2231-4784

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Aims: to identify whether the urban heat island (UHI) phenomena occurs in Jakarta, a metropolitan city with business and industrial background, and Bandar Lampung, a growing city with agricultural background; to identify community vulnerability and adaptation to UHI impacts. Place and Duration of Study: This research was conducted in selected area in Jakarta and Bandar Lampung, between September to November 2013. Methodology: This study used direct air temperature measurements and satellite observation to identify UHI phenomena. The communities vulnerability was assesed with distributing questionnaires and interviewing households,the questions were tailored to fit the components of vulnerability: exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Vulnerability index is composed of exsposure and sensitivity. The exposure was compiled from community knowledge about climate change and temperature rising and the observed air temperature. The sensitivity was composed of water availability, health related to temperature rising, electricity need; and the adaptive capacity was composed of social relationship, education, income and house environment. Results: UHI profile was identified in the morning in Bandar Lampung but not in Jakarta. In the afternoon, the UHI still existed in Bandar Lampung but weaker than in the morning, in Jakarta the UHI existed stronger; In the evening UHI was not identified in both cities. The temperature difference could be 40C in Bandar Lampung and 50C in Jakarta.The LVI-IPCC index for Bandar Lampung was in range of -0.008 to 0.085 while Jakarta was in range of -0.084 to 0.017 both were categorized as moderate since the index range from -1 (low vulnerability) to 1 (high vulnerability). Conclusion: UHI is present both in Jakarta and Bandar Lampung, and this effect might related to the patterns of land cover in general. The residents both Bandar Lampung and Jakarta have average levels of vulnerability to temperature rises, with Bandar Lampung slightly less vulnerable compared to Jakarta.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: TUMIAR K Manik
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2017 03:26
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 03:26

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