Lumbanraja, Jamalam and Mulyani, Sri and Utomo, Muhajir and Sarno, - (2017) Menulis artikel dengan judul Phosphorus Extraction from Soil Constituents in Equilibrium and Kinetics Applying Bray P-1, Mehlich-1, and Olsen Solutions. Journal of Tropical Soils, 22 (2). pp. 81-89. ISSN 0852-257X (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Phosphorus (P) which is an essential macro nutrient is one of the most limiting factors for plant growth in humid tropical soils. There are several methods have been applied to estimate the quantity of available P in soil constituents in relation to the plant production. The method solutions of Bray P-1, Mehlich-1, and Olsen are the most frequently used in equilibrium condition to estimate the available P in the soil constituents. But each of the methods can give some different values that may not describe the availability of P. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a laboratory experiments to compare the three solutions in equilibrium and kinetics for P release from soil colloids as a basic data for the future relating to plant productions. The objectives of this study is to compare the quantity of P release in equilibrium and kinetics using P Bray P-1, Mehlich-1, and Olsen solutions and rate constant (k) of P release from soil colloids using the three solutions of five soil constituents or treatments: (1) Soil (100% soil), (2) P-rock (100% of phosphate rock), (3) compost (100% of chicken manure compost), (4) soil+P-rock (75% of soil + 25% of phosphate rock), and (5) soil+P-rock+compost (50% of soil + 25% of phosphate rock + 25% of chicken manure compost) which were extracted in triplicate. The results indicated that the quantities of extracted P employing equilibrium conditions in all treatments are significantly lower compare to that of kinetics . The results also showed that Mehlich-1 solution was the most power full to extract P from soil constituents following Bray P-1 solution and the least was Olsen solution, except in the soil+P-rock+compost treatment where the quantity of extracted P using Mehlich-1 solution was still the highest then following that of P extracted by Olsen solution and the lowest was Bray P-1 solution both in equilibrium and kinetics conditions. The highest rate constants (k) of the reaction in all treatments were found in using Melich-1 solution for desorbed P following that of using Bray P-1 solution and the least was that of using Olsen solution.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Ilmu Tanah
Depositing User: Prof.Dr.Ir Jamalam Lumbanraja
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2017 02:53
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 02:53
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/4474

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