Dewanto, Ordas and Sapto Mulyanto, Bagus and Rustadi, Rustadi and Wibowo, Rahmat Catur (2017) Determining the Temperature of Shale Material Conversion Into Crude Oil Based on Organic Clay and Organic Carbonate Test Outside Reservoir. IJENS Publisher, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

2. Plagiarism Checker X, International Journal of Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering IJMME-IJENS Vol.17 No.05.pdf

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The amount of shale material in Indonesia is so plentiful, so it is expected in the next few years there will be available many sources of oil and gas. If we wait the process of shale material changes into oil and gas, it obviously will require a long time. Therefore in this reseach, the process of converting shale material into oil and gas will be carried out in the laboratory. The result of its exploration and exploitation, which is in the form of shale material, will be heated to a certain temperature , the content of its organic material reacts and produces energy which can be utilized as fuel as a subtitute of oil and gas. The waste of the process is also very useful for human life. Four shale materials used has a TOC value of ≥ 12%, which are 12.02%, 12.42%, 12.57% and 12.58%. These values are already qualified as oil shale. The time to change the shale material (organic-clay and organic-carbonate) into oil and gas, is determined by the characteristics of the shale material, which are: immature hydrocarbon substance that has API gravity and boiling point which is close to the boiling point of petroleum. The heating process at temperature of 200OC to 400OC changes the subtance into shale material with low boiling point, this is due to its high API degree so it contains alot of light fractions such as gasoline, hence its boiling point is low. The heating process affects the characteristics of flash point of the shale material. The process of change requires a short time around 15 hours, so it is very efficient processing method outside reservoir, although further research need to be done to make it more perfect.

Item Type: Other
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik (FT) > Prodi Teknik Geofisika
Depositing User: ORDAS DEWA
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2022 06:29
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2022 06:29

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