Afandi, . and Manik, Tumiar Katarina and Rosadi, Bustomi and Utomo, Muhajir and Senge, Masateru and Adachi, Tadashi and Oki, Y (2003) Soil Physical Properties under Co#ee Trees with Di#erent Weed Managements in a Hilly Humid Tropical Area of Lampung, South Sumatra, Indonesia. J. Jpn. Soc. Soil Phys, 92 (3). pp. 3-16.

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Abstract

Abstract The e#ects of weed management under co#ee trees on soil physical properties were investigated during four�years experiment in Lampung, South Sumatra, Indonesia. The treatments were as follows : co#ee without cover crop (clean-weeded plot) ; co#ee with Paspalum conjugatum as cover crop (Paspalum plot) ; and co#ee with natural weeds which was dominated by Clibadia surinamense (natural weeds plot). Weed management was done every two weeks by clearing all the weeds in clean-weeded plots, and cutting the weeds around the co#ee trees with diameter + m for the weedy plots (Paspalum plot and natural weeds plot). The results showed that a better soil physical condition was achieved when the soil surface under the co#ee trees was covered with Paspalum conjugatum. The average soil organic-C in the soil profile of Paspalum and natural weeds plots were -, g/kg and ,1 g/kg respectively, which were higher than in clean-weeded plot which had ,* g/kg of organic carbon. A smooth horizon boundary was found in Paspalum plot due to the abundance of its roots which was also enhancing soil color more black, and the process of wetting and drying. A strong aggregate stability was found at the Paspalum plot as indicated by penetrometer readings as well as water stable aggregate index. Two centimeters thickness of hardpan which was developed at Paspalum plot made the water movement from upper layer inhibited during the dry season. The highest porosity was found at Paspalum plot (*.0.m-m�-) followed by natural weeds plot (*.0,m-m�-) and clean-weeded plot (*.0*m-m�-). However, the average available water content was not di#erent between Paspalum plot and natural weeds plot, and only *.+/m-m�- higher than that of clean-weeded plot. The permeabilities varied among the treatments, and this variance was biggest in the upper layer of Paspalum plot. Key words : soil structure, co#ee, weeds, aggregate

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Ilmu Tanah
Depositing User: AFANDI
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2017 08:01
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 08:01
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/4138

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