Turgay, Oguz Can and Lumbanraja, Jamalam and Yusnaini, Sri and Nonaka, Masanori (2002) Effect of land degradation on soil microbial biomass in a hilly area of south Sumatra, Indonesia. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 48 (5). pp. 769-774. ISSN 0038-0768

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We investigated the impact of land-use changes on the soil biomass at several soil sites in Indonesia under different types of land-use (primary forest, secondary forest, coffee plan­ tation, traditional orchard, and deforested area), located within a small geographical area with similar parent material and climatic conditions. Various parameters of soil microbial biomass (biomass C, biomass N, content of anthrone-reactive carbohydrate carbon, and soil ergosterol content) were examined. Our results suggested that the removal of the natural plant cover did not cause any appreciable decrease in the amount of microbial biomass; on the contrary it led to a short-time increase in the amount of microbial biomass which may be due to the availability of readily decomposable dead roots and higher sensitivity to the decomposition of residual litter in recently deforested soils. However, the amount of micro­ bial biomass tended to decrease in proportion to the duration of the land history in coffee plantation soils. This may be ascribed to the effect of the loss of available substrates asso­ciated with soil erosion in the long term. Lower ergosterol contents in recently deforested areas reflected a reduction in the amount of fungal biomass which may be due to the destruction of the hyphal network by the slash and burn practice. On the other hand, the higher soil ergosterol content at the sites under bush regrowth indicated that microbial biomass was able to recover rapidly with the occurrence of a new plant cover

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Ilmu Tanah
Depositing User: Prof.Dr.Ir Jamalam Lumbanraja
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2016 02:32
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2016 02:32
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/402

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