Kaisah, Feni and Agustrina, Rochmah and Chrisnawati, Lili and Yulianty, yuli (2021) RESISTANCE OF CHILLI (Capsicum annuum L.) FROM SEEDS INDUCED BY 0.2 mT MAGNETIC FIELD AND INFECTED BY Fusarium oxysporum. Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati, 8 (2). pp. 24-30. ISSN ISSN 2338-4344 eISSN 2686-200X

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2021_(JBEKH-2 DES) - RESISTANCE OF CHILLI (Capsicum annuum L.) FROM SEEDS.pdf - Published Version

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Abstract

Red chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is one of the most widely cultivated commodity in Indonesia. However, until now the production was never covering public’s demand. Red chili pepper plants are susceptible to disease caused by the infection of Fusarium oxysporum (Fox) fungi, causing the decrease in plants’ production. Fungicide usage to control Fox can cause plant’s resistance to pathogen. The eco-friendly way to control Fox could be achieved by utilizing magnetic field. This research arranged using Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with the combination between 0,2 mT magnetic field induction and Fox infection consist of: control (M0); 0,2 mT magnetic field induction for 7 minutes and 48 seconds (M7); and 15 minutes and 36 minutes (M15); as well as seed infection with Fusarium oxysporum that consist of control without infection (F0) and infected for 60 minutes (F60). Each test unit repeated 5 times. Acquired data then analyzed using Analysis of variance with α 5%. Analysis result shows that 0,2 mT magnetic field induction for 7 minutes and 48 seconds on the seed is more effective than induction for 15 minutes and 36 seconds. Induction using 0,2 mT magnetic field for 7 minutes and 48 seconds produced plants with better sprouting in the early growth, and higher dry mass and chlorophyl content, peroxidase activity, and lignin thickness in plants both infected and uninfected with fox. With the increase in the sprouting of red chili plants, it can be indicated that red chili plants have high resistance to Fox infection. Keywords: chili (Capsicum annuum L.), Fusarium oxysporum, Magnetic field

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (FMIPA) > Prodi Biologi
Depositing User: ROCHMAH AG Rochmah Agustrina
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2022 01:17
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 01:17
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/39351

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