ambya, ambya and Toto Gunarto, Toto Gunarto and Ernie, Hendrawaty and Kesumah, Fajrin Satria Dwi and Wisnu, Febryan Kusuma (2020) Future Natural Gas Price Forecasting Model and Its Policy Implication. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 10 (5). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2146-4553

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Future natural gas (FNG) price is a collected data over the years and is a volatile movement in the market. In other words, FNG price is categorised as a time series data with volatility in both variance and mean, as well as most likely in some cases having heteroscedasticity problem. To come up with an estimated prediction model, some analysis tools, such as autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) and generalised autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (GARCH), are introduced to find the best-fitted model having the smallest error value with high significance of probability value. This study aims to examine the best-fitted model that allows us to forecast FNG prices more accurately in the near future. There are 2842 observed data of daily FNG prices from 2009 to 2019 as the input of study objects. The finding suggests that the first measurement model of ARIMA (1,1,1) does not fit the model as having a non-significant probability value. Thus, it is required to check its heteroscedasticity by conducting an ARCH effect test. It is concluded that a data set has an effect of ARCH, so AR (p)–GARCH (p,q) model is then tested. AR (1)–GARCH (1,1) model is believed to be a best-fitted model having a significant P < 0.0001 with significantly small mean squared error and root mean squared error values, indicating that it has a very accurate prediction model. The forecasting model is to adjust the offered recommendation of policy for the government regarding the issue of high volatility of daily FNG prices in the future. We then offer a best-suited policy for some certain governments like Indonesia to give subsidy for targeted users in order to keep increasing their use of FNG that will expectedly affect their marketable product innovation and expansion, so economic growth in Indonesia is maintained.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Divisions: Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis (FEB) > Prodi Ekonomi Pembangunan
Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis (FEB) > Prodi Manajemen
Depositing User: Fajrin Satria Dwi Kesumah
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2022 07:33
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2022 07:33

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