Widodo, Soesiladi E. and Zulferiyenni, None (2015) Effects of 1-methylcyclopropene and chitosan on the fruit shelf-life and qualities of two different ripening stages of ‘Cavendish’ banana. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 3 (1-2). pp. 54-59. ISSN 2330-7285 (Print) 2330-7293 (Online)

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Our previous research with chitosan leads us to conclude that 2.5% chitosan can be promptly used as a fruit coating. However, to be used as a fruit coating for climacteric fruits, the effect of ethylene trapped under chitosan coating on ripening needs to be blocked. 1- methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) is known as an anti-ethylene and it can be applied in combination with chitosan. This research which was conducted during September-October 2013 was aimed at studying the effects of 1-MCP and its combination with 2.5% chitosan in prolonging fruit shelf-life and maintaining fruit qualities of two different ripening stages of ‘Cavendish’ banana. A completely randomized design of two factors was used. The first factor was 1-MCP gassing (control and 1-MCP), and the second one was chitosan (control and 2.5% chitosan). 1-MCP gas was developed by diluting 0.5 g 1-MCP powder into 30 ml of water. The results showed that the fruits of early and late stages responded differently to treatments of chitosan, 1-MCP, and their combination. (1) At early stage, the chitosan-coated fruit showed slow color development and fruit quality deterioration, whereas at late stage, the chitosan-coating accelerated ripening by a quick decrease of fruit firmness, decrease of soluble solid content and increase of acidity. (2) In general, 1-MCP lengthened shelf-life of banana fruits by slowing fruit quality deterioration, and its effect was accentuated when applied in combination with chitosan. (3) The effect of combined application of chitosan and 1-MCP was best if it was applied at fruit yellowing stage (stage V), because at early stage (stage III) the combined application resulted in imperfect fruit color development.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Agronomi dan Hortikultura
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2016 01:40
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2016 01:40
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/391

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