Suri, Intan Fajar and Purusatama, Byantara Darsan and Lee, Seunghwan and Kim, Namhun and Hidayat, Wahyu and Ma'ruf, Shalehudin Denny and Febrianto, Fauzi (2021) Characteristic Features of the Oil-Heat Treated Woods from Tropical Fast Growing Wood Species. Wood Research, 66 (3). pp. 365-378. ISSN 2729-8906

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Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of oil-heat treatment on the anatomical, physical, and chemical properties of the tropical fast-growing wood species as gmelina (Gmelinaarborea) and mindi (Melia azedarach) wood. Vessel lumen area and diameter in radial and tangential direction of both species increased with increasing temperature. The fiber lumen areas in both woods were remarkably decreased by oil-heat treatment, and the fiber wall area increased considerably with increasing temperature. Both woods tended to gain weight after heat treatment at 180°C and 200°C, and then lose weight after heat treatment at 220°C. The density of mindi increased greatly at 180°C and 200°C and slightly decreased at 220°C. The dimension of the specimens in tangential direction increased with heat treatment, but the rate decreased with increasing temperature. The relative crystallinity and crystallite width of the heat-treated woods were greater than those of the untreated wood. In the Fourier transform infrared analyses, the peaks from the carbohydrates were changed after oil-heat treatment, mainly due to the degradation of hemicellulose. Consequently, it was revealed that the heat treatment affected various properties of gmelina and mindi woods. Differing characteristics between the species were also noted.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Kehutanan
Depositing User: Wahyu Hidayat
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2021 01:09
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2021 01:09
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/35746

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