Wulandari, Christine and Budiono, Pitojo and Iswandaru, Dian (2021) IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL CHARACTERISTIC OF COMMUNITY TO SUPPORT RESTORATION PROGRAM IN PROTECTION FOREST. Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research, 8 (2). pp. 173-186. ISSN 2355-7079

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Abstract

IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL CHARACTERISTIC OF COMMUNITY TO SUPPORT RESTORATION PROGRAM IN PROTECTION FOREST. A restoration program is needed by West Lampung District, because 80% of the protected forests in this district have been damaged. Bina Wana (BW) Community Forest Group (CFG) has been successful in carrying out restoration program of 465 ha of Bukit Rigis protected forest. It resulted in an 80% increase in its members' income and an increase by 2.58% of the forest cover. To maintain the success of a sustainable restoration program, high commitment from the community is needed. This research has been conducted in June-July 2019 at West Lampung District, Lampung Province, Indonesia. The objective of this research is to analyse the social variables that affect restoration in the protection forest. The dependent variable is income and independent variables consist of respondents’ characteristics as individuals and social characteristics of the community. Based on the multiple regression linear analysis from 75 respondents, it was found that the significant variables for the sustainability of the restoration of Bukit Rigis protected forest are as follow: age, sex, education, status in CFG, distance from home to CF areas, social aids and social capital (networks, norms and trust). Existence of the youth groups namely Himpunan Pemuda Peduli Hutan dan Lingkungan (HPPHL) and Melati Women Forest Farmer Group (WFFG) plays an important role in implementing the restoration program. Establishment of HPPHL will ensure regeneration in maintaining the sustainability of restoration achievements. The role of WFFG is also important because their households’ income is supported by WFFG and enables the BW CFG members to be more concentrated in maintaining forest sustainability. Keywords: Forest restoration, protection forest, community forestry, social characteristics PENTINGNYA KARAKTERISTIK SOSIAL MASYARAKAT UNTUK MENDUKUNG PROGRAM RESTORASI HUTAN LINDUNG. Program restorasi perlu dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Lampung Barat dimana 80% dari hutan lindungnya telah rusak. Kelompok Hutan Kemasyarakatan Bina Wana (KHKBW) berhasil melakukan restorasai di 465 Ha hutan lindung Bukit Rigis dan dibuktikan dengan adanya peningkatan pendapatan anggotanya sebesar 80% dan tutupan hutan yang telah mereka kelola sebesar 2,58%. Untuk menjaga keberhasilan program restorasi yang berkelanjutan diperlukan komitmen yang tinggi dari masyarakat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis variabel sosial yang mempengaruhi restorasi di hutan lindung. Variabel terikat adalah pendapatan dan variabel bebas terdiri dari karakteristik responden sebagai individu dan karakteristik sosial masyarakat. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Juni-Juli 2019 di Kabupaten Lampung Barat, Provinsi Lampung, Indonesia. Berdasarkan analisis regresi berganda linear dari 75 responden diketahui bahwa umur, jenis kelamin, pendidikan, status dalam kelompok Hutan Kemasyarakatan, jarak dari rumah ke kawasan Hutan Kemasyarakatan, bantuan sosial dan modal sosial (jaringan, norma dan kepercayaan) merupakan variabel yang berpengaruh secara nyata terhadap keberlangsungan hasil restorasi. di hutan lindung Bukit Rigis. Keberadaan kelompok pemuda yaitu Himpunan Pemuda Peduli Hutan dan Lingkungan (HPPHL) dan Kelompok Tani Wanita Hutan (KTWH) Melati memiliki peran penting dalam pelaksanaan program restorasi. Berdirinya HPPHL akan menjamin adanya regenerasi keberlanjutan pengelolaan hasil restorasi. Peran dari KTWH juga penting karena kelompok ini mendukung pendapatan keluarga mereka, sehingga anggota KHKBW bisa lebih berkonsentrasi dalam mengelola hutan secara berkelanjutan. Kata kunci: Restorasi hutan, perlindungan hutan, hutan kemasyarakatan, karakteristik sosial

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Magister Ilmu Kehutanan
Depositing User: CHRISTINE
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2021 01:08
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2021 01:08
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/34752

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