Myristica, Imanita and Aprila, Triaristina and Yustina, Sri Ekwandari and Maskun, Maskun and Valensy Rachmedita, Valensy Rachmedita (2020) The Beruang Hitam Paramilitary Struggle to Maintain Indonesian Independence in the Year of1949 inLampung. European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 07 (03). pp. 4413-4427. ISSN ISSN 2515-8260

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Abstract: This study aims to determine the guerrilla struggle of the BeruangHitam troops in defending Lampung so that it remains part of the independent Republic of Indonesia. This research is a qualitative research with historical methods and data collection techniques using the literature techniques, documentation, interviews with descendants of Abu BakarSidiq and the former of BeruangHitam troops. The results of this study indicated that the BeruangHitam paramilitary was a defense force for the country whose members consisted of ALRI (Navy of the Republic of Indonesia), the People and in their struggle several TNI asked to join. BeruangHitam troops decided to carry out a guerrilla warfare strategy because of the bigger enemy force and unbalanced weaponry so that it was impossible to carry out an open warfare, besides Lampung geographic which was mostly forests, hills and mountains, it was very possible to use a guerrilla war strategy. The guerrilla war of BeruangHitam troops spread throughout Lampung, namely: Lampung Selatan, Gedong Air, Kemiling, Sukadanaham, Way Lima, GunungSugih, Metro, and Lampung Utara. BeruangHitam troops had a major contribution in defending Lampung and succeeded in maintaining the residency of Lampung in Bukit Kemuning, Lampung Utara. Before carrying out the attack, the BeruangHitam troops always prepared the war strategies, defensive strategies and attack techniques which were the key to success in every battle. Keywords: The BeruangHitam Paramilitary, Abu Bakar Sidiq, Guerrilla Warfare, Struggle, Maintain the Independence of the Republic of Indonesia, War Strategy, Defensive Strategy, Offensive strategy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D731 World War II
Divisions: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (FKIP) > Prodi Pendidikan Sejarah IPS
Depositing User: myristica imanita
Date Deposited: 29 May 2021 00:36
Last Modified: 29 May 2021 00:36

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