Selviani, Zakiah and Efri, Efri and ivayani, ivayani and Suharjo, Radix (2021) PENGARUH BEBERAPA EKSTRAK TANAMAN OBAT TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN KOLONI DAN PRODUKSI SPORA C. gloeosporioides PENYEBAB PENYAKIT ANTRAKNOSA PADA CABAI (Capsicum annuum L) THE EFFECT OF SOME PLANT EXTRACTS ON THE HYPHAE GROWTH AND SPORE PRODUCTION C. gloeosporioides CAUSES OF DISEASE ANTRACNOSE ON CHILI (Capsicum annuum L). Jurnal Agrotek Tropika, 9 (1). pp. 9-16. ISSN 2337-4993


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ABSTRACT Vegetable fungicides are substances derived from plants that have the potential to inhibit and kill pathogenic fungi. Compounds contained in medicinal plants such as alkaloid phytochemical compounds, saponins, flavonoids, tannins, polyphenols, essential oils, and steroids have the potential to be vegetable fungicides. This study aims to determine the effect of several medicinal plant extracts on the hyphae growth and production of pathogenic spores in vitro. The treatments in this study were arranged in a randomized block design (RBD) using 11 treat�ments with four replications. The treatments consisted of control, Senna alata (ketepeng) fraction, Vernonia amygdalina (African leaf) fraction, Pluchea indica (beluntas)fraction, Cyperus rotundus (rumput teki) frac�tion, Andrographis paniculata (sambiloto) fraction, fresh ketepeng extract, fresh African leaf extract, fresh beluntas extract, fresh rumput teki extract, and fresh sambiloto extract. The data obtained were tested for homogeneity of variety and additivity using the Tukey test. Then the data were analyzed by analysis of variance and continued with the LSD test at the 5% level. The results showed that overall the treatment had no significant effect in suppressing the hyphae growth and spore growth of C. gloeosporioides. However, the fractions that were able to suppress the production of C. gloeosporioides spores were the treatment of the ketepeng fraction, the African leaf fraction, the beluntas fraction, the rumput teki fraction, the sambiloto fraction, the fresh extract of ketepeng, the fresh extract of African leaves, the fresh extract of beluntas, and the fresh extract of sambiloto. Keywords: C. gloeosporioides, fraction, medicinal plants

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Proteksi Tanaman
Depositing User: EFRI
Date Deposited: 28 May 2021 01:00
Last Modified: 28 May 2021 01:00

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