Laily Isna Ramadhani, - and Sri Ismiyati Damayanti, - and Hanifrahmawan Sudibyo, - and Muhammad Mufti Azis, - and Wiratni Budhijanto, - (2021) The Impact of Hydraulic Retention Time on the Biomethane Production from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) in Two- Stage Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor. Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 10 (1). pp. 11-16. ISSN 2252-4940

2. International Journal_IJRED.pdf

Download (863kB) | Preview
Official URL:


Indonesia is currently the most significant crude palm oil (CPO) producer in the world. In the production of CPO, 0.7 m3 of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) is emitted as the wastewater for every ton of fresh fruit bunches processed in the palm oil mill. With the increasing amount of CPO production, an effective POME treatment system is urgently required to prevent severe environmental damage. The high organic content in the POME is a potential substrate for bio-methane production. The biomethane production is carried out by two groups of microbes, i.e., acidogenic and methanogenic microbes. Each group of bacteria performs optimally at different optimum conditions. To optimize the biomethane production, POME was treated sequentially by separating the acidogenic and methanogenic microbes into two stages of anaerobic fluidized bed reactors (AFBR). The steps were optimized differently according to the favorable conditions of each group of bacteria. Although perfect separation cannot be achieved, this study showed that pH control could split the domination of the bacteria, i.e., the first stage (maintained at pH 4-5) was dominated by the acidogenic microbes and the second stage (kept neutral) was governed by methanogens. In addition to the pH control, natural zeolite was added as microbial immobilization media in the AFBR to improve the performance of the microorganisms, especially in preventing microbial wash out at short hydraulic retention time (HRT). This study was focused on the understanding of the effect of HRT on the performance of steady-state continuous AFBR. The first stage as the acidogenic reactor was run under acidic conditions (pH 4-5) at five different HRTs. In comparison, the second stage as the methanogenic reactor was run under the neutral condition at four different HRTs. In this work, short HRT (5 days) resulted in better performance in both acidogenic AFBR and methanogenic AFBR. The immobilization media was hence essential to reduce the risk of washout at such a short HRT. The two-stage system also resulted in quite a high percentage of soluble chemical oxygen demand (sCOD) removal, which was as much as 96.06% sCOD.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik (FT) > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: SRI ISMIYA
Date Deposited: 24 May 2021 01:37
Last Modified: 24 May 2021 01:37

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item