Apriyani, Anisa and Heryandi, Heryandi and Syofyan, Ahmad (2017) COOPERATION OF SEA ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT BASED ON MANADO OCEAN DECLARATION (MOD) 2009 AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN INDONESIA. Hasanuddin Law Review. ISSN 2442-9880 (Unpublished)

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Climate change caused by global warming has an impact the temperature rise and sea rise, it is cause the earth become hotter and undefined weather which tasted by states in the world, especially in developing countries. Climate change can be an improvement by environment conservation to support sustainable development which has circle perception, such arranged by Manado Ocean Declaration (MOD) 2009, completed with Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) who initiated by Indonesia. The problem of this research is how international law arrangement about the international cooperation of sea environment conservation and implementation of MOD in Indonesia. The research method is normative with qualitative analysis. Data of research are based on primary, secondary, and tertiary substances which collected by library research.The result of the research shows that MOD is an international declaration, it has soft law character which emphasizes to sea ecosystem and coastal, as well as sea environment conservation. MOD implementation in Indonesia has been formed by Long Term Development Plan (RPJP) 2005-2025 and Indonesian government policy, include the Blue Economy System policy which integrated by sea economic policy and sea circle. The blue economy principle was included in Article 14 (1) Law Number 32 of 2014 about Sea which mentions that usage and resources effort use blue economy principle. Blue carbon programs have the same context with blue economy principle. Blue economy principle as Indonesian economics effort to keep ecosystem, so it was called by the blue economy (economy: have an economic aspect, blue: environment conservation). It was supported Blue Carbon program. Blue carbon included by Law Number 32 of 2014 chapter VIII about Sea Space Management and Sea Environment Protection. However, there is Implementing Regulation of Laws yet (for examples are Presidential Decision, Government Regulation/PP, or Regulation of the Minister), particularly regulate about blue carbon action in Indonesia. For sustainable, Indonesia has to plan about Implementing Regulation of Laws, remind that Indonesia is a maritime state with territory sea, as well as MOD reinforcement with hard law characteristic (final binding). Keywords: Sea Environment Management, Implementation of Manado Ocean Declaration (MOD) 2009 in Indonesia

Item Type: Article
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Hukum (FH) > Prodi Ilmu Hukum
Depositing User: AHMAD SYOF
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2017 12:18
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2017 12:18
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/2834

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