Haryanto, Agus and Iryani, Dewi Agustina and Hasanudin, Udin and Telaumbanua, Marely and Triyono, Sugeng and Hidayat, Wahyu (2021) Biomass Fuel from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Pellet: Potential and Challenges. Procedia Environmental Science, Engineering and Management, 8 (1). pp. 33-42. ISSN 2392-9537


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This study aims to determine the potential and challenges of oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) pellet as biomass fuel. The study was conducted by observing the process of commercial OPEFB pellets production and analysing some characteristics of the pellets. Proximate and ultimate analysis were carried out to determine the characteristics of pellets, namely mass specific, bulk density, water content, ash content, lignocellulose composition, and calorific value. In addition, XRF analysis was conducted to determine ash composition. Results showed that pressure applied during pellet production affected water content and density of the pellets. OPEFB pellets made with pressure of 90 MPa showed stronger characteristics than the pellet produced with 55 MPa. The pellets had a hexagonal cross section with diameter and mass density of 8.88 mm and 1.55 g/cm3 for pellet produced at 90 MPa, and 9.65 mm and 1.39 g/cm3 for pellet produced at 55 MPa. Calorific value of OPEFB pellet (15.82 MJ/kg) was still lower than the standard, while ash content was higher than the standard. High ash content and high mineral content are the main problems need to be addressed in order to savely use OPEFB pellet as fuel, especially for big industries or for generating electricity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Kehutanan
Depositing User: Wahyu Hidayat
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2021 09:17
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2021 09:17
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/27824

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