Haryanto, Agus and Lanya, Budianto and Triyono, Sugeng (2011) Analisis Energi Masukan-Keluaran pada Proses Produksi Kelapa Sawit (Elaesis guineensis Jacq.). AGRITECH, 31 (3). pp. 153-160. ISSN 0216-0455


Download (97kB) | Preview


This study was performed to evaluate the input-otput energy for oil palm production and to identify the possibility to save energy consumption for activities related to oil palm production. Observation was conducted at PTPN VII Farm Unit of Rejosari, South Lampung. The energy inputs included human power, fuel and electricity as well as indirect energy resulted from the use of farm machinery, fertilizer, and pesticide. Energy outputs to be considered were resulted from full fruit bunch (FFB) consisted of crude palm oil (CPO), palm kernel oil (PKO), fibers, shell, empty fruit bunch, and trunk. The study revealed that total energy input of 57,63 GJ.ha-1 was required in oil palm production. Maintenance of productive plant consumed the highest energy, that was 33,06 GJ.ha-1 or 57,37 % of the total energy input. Based on energy sources, fertilizer was the most important input for oil palm production, accounted for 31,22 GJ.ha-1 (51,18 % of total energy input). The study also concluded that oil palm production generated energy output of 339,14 GJ.ha-1 with energy rasio of 5,88, energy productivity of 0.258 kg FFB per MJ, energy intensity of 3,87 MJ per kg FFB, and net energy gain of 281,51 GJ.ha-1.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Teknik Pertanian
Depositing User: Dr. Ir. AGUS HARYANTO
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 03:11
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 03:11
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/27385

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item