Pandiangan, Kamisah Delilawati and Simanjuntak, Wasinton and Jamarun, Novesar and Arief, Syukri (2020) The use of MgO/SiO2 as catalyst for transesterification of rubber seed oil with different alcohols. In: 3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLIED SCIENCE MATHEMATICS AND INFORMATICS (3RD ICASMI), 3-4 September 2020, FMIPA Universitas Lampung. (Unpublished)

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In principle, biodiesel production relies on the transesterification reaction of fatty acids contained in vegetable oil or waste rich in fatty acids with short-chain alcohols with the help of a catalyst. The purpose of this study was to obtain information about the most suitable alcohol for the transesterification of rubber seed oil into biodiesel. In this study, the transesterification of rubber seed oil was carried out with three different types of short-chain alcohols, namely methanol, ethanol, and 2-propanol. Each alcohol was used with a ratio of 3:1 to oil and transesterification was carried out in the presence of MgO/SiO2 catalyst with an amount of 10% (by weight of catalyst/volume oil) at 70 °C for 6 h. Transesterification products were analysed using Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS) analysis to confirm the conversion of fatty acids in the oil into esters. The results showed that the reactivity of alcohols is in the order of methanol > ethanol > 2-propanol with the percentages of conversion of oil to esters are 90, 73, and 63%, respectively. These results indicate that methanol is the most suitable alcohol for transesterification of rubber seed oil.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (FMIPA) > Prodi Kimia
Depositing User: Dr Kamisah Delilawati Pandiangan
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2020 01:21
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2020 01:21

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