Wulandari, Christine and Budiyono, Budiyono and Iswandaru, Dian and Landicho, Leila D and Cabahug, Rowena E.D. and Nemesis P Ocampo, Maria Theresia (2020) STATE OF BIODIVERSITY CONDITIONS IN SELECTED WATERSHEDS IN THE PHILIPPINES AND INDONESIA. In: 5th IBOC (International Biology Conference) 2020, 17 October 2020, Surabaya. (Submitted)


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This article highlights the contributions of the local practices being employed by the indigenous communities in the selected watershed areas in the Philippines and Indonesia. Results of the socioeconomic characterization revealed that the upland farmers were already in the second and third generation of the tribes as their mean age was 42 and 38 for the Philippines and Indonesia, respectively. The forest resources within the watershed areas have become their source of livelihoods. The farmers perceived the declining ecological conditions as indicated by the occurrence of soil erosion, the declining soil fertility, scarcity of water sources during the dry season, and the declining forest cover. These observations are validated by the results of biodiversity assessment which revealed a very low to moderate biodiversity index in both study sites. These results imply the need for an intensified information education campaign among the local communities as regards ecological restoration, and establishing a balance between the economic and ecological aspects of their development; as well as the need to engage the younger generation towards ecological restoration activities. Keywords: ecological restoration, watershed, ecological practices

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Magister Ilmu Kehutanan
Depositing User: CHRISTINE
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2020 07:13
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2020 07:13
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/24785

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