Khaidarmansyah, Khaidarmansyah and Sulistyo, Iwan and Mulkhan, Unang and Wiranata, Indra Jaya (2019) The Role of Local Government on Human Rights City and SDGs through Post-NPM Perspective: Best Practice of Bandar Lampung City of Indonesia. In: The 9th World Human Rights Cities Forum 2019, September, 30 - October, 3, 2019, Gwangju, South Korea.

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Abstract

Local governments play an important role on the global policies and practices of Human Rights City (HRC) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030 through administering local programs. In the context of new democratic countries and in the era of decentralisation, people’s expectation on the government’s performance on public management has gained more attention. This includes how local government play a role in fulfilling human rights at the local level. Thus, the implementation and achievement of HRC and SDGs are not only measured by the effectiveness of local programs but also by collaborative work where all units under local government offices work together through coordination, cooperation and partnership. It is also necessary to understand how public sector and other actors engage together to implement human rights and sustainable development at the city level. This paper, therefore, aims to discuss the vertical and horizontal coordination of public sector and at the same time also to explain coordination between the public sector and other actors such as NGOs and private sector on HRC and SDGs in new democratic countries. Qualitative data through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) technique with 30 governmental departments of the City of Bandar Lampung was collected. Bandar Lampung city is a multi- ethnic city where there are at least 5 different tribes living together in the city, making the city is more complex. Data was analyzed by using Post New Public Management (Post-NPM) perspective (Christensen & Lægreid, 2011; Christensen, 2012) in order to understand challenges that exist as a consequence of larger vertical and horizontal specialization which are exposed in implementing HRC and SDGs. This study found that the vertical relationship between political executives and their constituencies is essential to see how the political control and top-down approach works and pursue consistent policies across level; and how horizontal relationships of cross-sectoral coordination and projects among the bodies are the key success of collaboration and partnership. Through Post-NPM perspective, phenomenon of working on silo for HRC and SDGs can be avoided. This study, therefore, provides best practice for other cities in strengthening the role of local governments as network managers and partnership leaders on the implementation and the achievement of HR and SDGs at the local level. Keywords: Local governments, human rights, human rights city, sustainable development, SDGs, Post-NPM, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik (FISIP) > Prodi Hubungan Internasional
Depositing User: Iwan Sulistyo
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2020 01:50
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2020 01:50
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/22991

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