Muhtarudin, Muhtarudin and Sari, W P and Savitri, Desi and Fathul, Farida and Erwanto, Erwanto and Liman, Liman and Wijaya, Agung Kusuma and Dakhlan, A. and Adhianto, Kusuma (2020) Effect of Grass Variety and Shade under Palm Oil Plantation on Production and Proportion of Stems, Leaves and Nutrition Content of Grass. Journal of Biological Sciences, 20 (3). pp. 116-122. ISSN 1727-3048

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Background and Objective: There are several varieties of grass that have resistance to shade and the quality is not disturbed by the shade. Grass that is resistant to shade will have high production and quality even though it grows in shaded areas. This research investigated the effect of grass variety and shade under palm oil plantation on fresh and dry matter production, stems and leaves proportion and nutrition content of grass. Materials and Methods: Split plot with completely randomized design was used in this study. Main plot factor was land condition of land without shade (N0) and land shaded under palm oil plantation (N1) and subplot factor was variety of grass consisted of Pennisetum purpureum (A1), Setaria sphacelata (A2) and Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott (A3). Duncan multiple range test was performed to investigate the effect of the factors. Results: Results showed that there was interaction (p<0.01) between grass variety and land condition on proportion of stems and leaves of grass with the highest fresh and dry matter production was Pennisetum purpureum on land without shade. Under shade of oil palm plantation, Pennisetum purpureum produced the highest proportion of stems, while Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott produced the highest proportion of leaves. Shading treatment not significant (p>0.05) on crude protein content, but it affected (p<0.05) on crude fiber content. Furthermore, different variety of grass had no effect (p>0.05) on crude protein content, although this factor affected (p<0.05) on crude fiber content. Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott in palm oil shade produced high crude protein (13.79%) with low crude fiber (24.63%). Conclusion: These results suggested that Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott could be planted in shaded land.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan Ternak
Depositing User: Dr. Kusuma Adhianto, S.Pt., M.P.
Date Deposited: 28 May 2020 02:16
Last Modified: 28 May 2020 02:16

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