Andini, Ade and Rousset, Patrick and Hasanudin, Udin and Bonnet, Sebastian (2016) Assessment of the proportion of crop residues subject to open burning available as energy feedstock in Indonesia. In: SEE 2016 in conjuction with ICGSI 2016 and CTI 2016, 28-30 November 2016, Bangkok.

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Indonesia is a developing country which economy relies heavily on agriculture production. From such activities a large amount of crop residues are produced each year which could be potential for energy purposes. Unfortunately, there is an increasing concern over the open burning of biomass resources in the country and notably crop residues that are left unused in the field. Such practices lead to air pollution, human health, and economic impacts. This study aimed at investigating farming practices in Indonesia for major crops and estimating the proportion of crop residues unused and subject to open burning that could potentially be available as energy feedstock. One specific location in Indonesia was selected as representative case-study and a field survey using questionnaires conducted. It was found that 21% of Indonesia's crop residues are subject to open burning. On an annual basis, this corresponds to about 45 million tones of residues, including, 19.3 million tones of rice straw, 18.5 million tones of cassava, residues, 6.7 million tones of corn residues, and 0.4 million tones of sugarcane residues. The total energy potential such biomass could represent on a daily basis was estimated to amount to 1706 TJ.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Magister Teknologi Industri Pertanian
Depositing User: Prof. UDIN HASANUDIN
Date Deposited: 31 May 2017 01:39
Last Modified: 31 May 2017 01:39

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