hamzah, lies maria (2019) Skala Ekonomi Industri Kecil dan Menengah di Pulau Sumatra. Skala Ekonomi Industri Kecil dan Menengah di Pulau Sumatra, 2. pp. 133-138. ISSN ISBN 978-602-52829-1-1

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the performance and the economies of scale of Small and Medium Industries (SMEs) through the influence of the number of businesses, labor and SME input costs on the growth of SME revenues on the island of Sumatra. This study used secondary data obtained from the Central Statistics Bureau for 2010-2015 period. The study used a panel data model with a number of cross-sections in 10 provinces on the island of Sumatra. The best model selection showed Common Effect Model as the best model. Estimation results showed that the independent variables such as the number of businesses and input costs of SMEs had a positive influence on the growth of SME revenues in Sumatra. While other independent variables such as SME labor did not affect the growth of SME income on the island of Sumatra. The number and quality of labor had an influence on the production produced. Labor conditions have reached the optimum level of labor (TK*) so that additional labor will cause the resulting production to decline, and had no effect on income. The value of return to scale for SME in Sumatra Province was on the position of decreasing return to scale. This condition showed that every increasing in the proportion of production inputs results in a smaller proportion of output. This condition requirer the government to increase the efficiency of the use of production inputs, especially labor by increasing the quality of the knowledge and skills of labor so that SMEs ready to meet the industry 4.0. Keywords: Input Costs; Economies Scale of Small Micro Industries; Number of Businesses; Income Growth; Labor.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis (FEB) > Prodi Ekonomi Pembangunan
Depositing User: LIES MARIA
Date Deposited: 22 May 2020 01:49
Last Modified: 22 May 2020 01:49
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/20212

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