Hermida, Lilis and Abdullah, Ahmad Zuhairi and Mohammed, Abdur Rahman (2012) Effects of functionalization conditions of sulfonic acid grafted SBA-15 on catalytic activity in the esterification of glycerol to monoglyceride: a factorial design approach. Journal of Porous Materials, 19 (5). pp. 835-846. ISSN 1573-4854

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10934-0...


A series of propyl sulfonic acid-modified SBA- 15 catalysts (SBA-15SO3H) was prepared under various conditions using post-functionalization approach. A factorial design coupled with response surface analysis were employed to evaluate the effects of the preparation conditions on the catalyst activity. Optimization of the conditions to find the most active SBA-15SO3H catalyst with the highest activity in glycerol esterification with lauric acid at 160 �C for 6 h was also made. Amount of 3-(mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (MPTMS) and reflux time were chosen as parameters of the preparation conditions. The presence of propyl sulfonic acid groups in SBA- 15SO3H catalysts was confirmed by FT-TIR method. The catalysts were also characterized by means of surface analysis, XRD, TEM and TGA. The results obtained from the statistical models suggested that the amount of MPTMS was more important parameter to influence the activity compared to the reflux time. The optimum preparation condition was achieved at a reflux time of 20 h and an MPTMS amount of 1 mL/gram SBA-15 to obtain the SBA- 15SO3H(1) with the highest monoglyceride selectivity (70.2%) and corresponding lauric acid conversion (95%) in the esterification process.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik (FT) > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: Dr. LILIS HERMIDA
Date Deposited: 30 May 2017 04:53
Last Modified: 30 May 2017 04:53
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/2013

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