Ramadhian, Muhammad Ricky and Hasibuan, Noviyanti Choirunnisa (2016) Efektivitas Kandungan Kalium dan Likopen yang Terdapat Dalam Tomat(Solanum lycipersicum) Terhadap Penurunan Tekanan Darah Tinggi. Majority, 5 (3). (In Press)


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Hypertension or high blood pressure is a disease in which systolic blood pressure greater than 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure over 90 mmHg. Based on Riskesdas Indonesia in 2013, hypertension is a disease that is often found in primary care and has a high prevalence in Indonesia, which amounted to 25.8%. The high incidence of hypertension is influenced by many factors, including age, sex, race, obesity, excessive salt intake, alcohol consumption, lack of exercise, and smoking habits. Hypertension can lead to long-lasting structural changes in the arterioles throughout the body, characterized by fibrosis and hyalinization (sclerosis) of blood vessel walls. Treatment for hypertension can be either pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacotherapy. Tomato (Solanum lycipersicum) is one of the herbs that can be used as an antihypertensive. Tomatoes contain many substances that can lower blood pressure include potassium, lycopene, fiber, calcium and magnesium. Tomatoes can lower blood pressure by acting as a natriuretic, inhibits sodium reabsorption in the proximal renal tubules, as a vasodilator in the regulation of blood pressure, as an inhibitor of vascular smooth muscle contraction. prevent narrowing of the walls of arteries and capillaries so that blood pressure be increased and suppress renin secretion and as an antioxidant that prevents free radicals caused by oxidative stress, triggering the production of nitric oxide in the endothelium and improve vascular function. Keywords: hypertension, lycopene, potassium, tomato

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran (FK) > Prodi Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: MSc Muhammad Ricky Ramadhian
Date Deposited: 31 May 2017 01:35
Last Modified: 31 May 2017 01:35
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/2010

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