Hartoyo, Hartoyo and haryanto, sindung and Fahmi, Teuku and Sunarto, Sunarto (2020) The role of local communities in peacebuilding in post-ethnic conflict in a multi-cultural society. journal of agrgression, confloct and peace research, 12 (1). ISSN 1759-6599

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Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse the effects of socio-demographic factors on ethnic tolerance (ET) and religious tolerance (RT) as well as the participation of the local community in peacebuilding in post-ethnic violent conflicts in a multi-cultural society. Design/methodology/approach – This research was conducted in the rural areas of Indonesia, on the basis of an empirical study that was performed in Lampung, a province at the southern tip of Sumatra. Data were collected through a survey of 500 respondents from five districts susceptible to ethnic conflicts. From each district, two villages that experienced ethnic conflicts were chosen and from each village, 50 respondents were randomly selected. To strengthen the explanation of quantitative data, indepth interviews were also conducted with another 50 residents, five informants from each of ten villages. Informants comprised community leaders or traditional leaders, local police officers, local military officers and district government officials. Findings – First, the degree of tolerance is not specifically concentrated in the socio-demographic characteristics. Second, ET affects RT. Third, local community participation in peacebuilding in postethnic violent conflicts is not influenced by the socio-demographic characteristics but is influenced by ET and RT. The socio-cultural approach is the main strategy for peacebuilding in post-ethnic (and religious) conflicts in multi-cultural societies. The weakness of inter-ethnic relations soon improves in the postpeace period through the reconstruction of social and cultural factors to strengthen social cohesion and social capital at the local community level by involving various stakeholders Originality/value – This paper is a valuable source of information regarding current research on the role of local communities in strengthening and building peace in post-ethnic violent conflicts in multi-cultural societies. Keywords Tolerance, Community, Participation, Peacebuilding, Ethnic conflict, Multi-cultural society

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik (FISIP) > Prodi Sosiologi
Depositing User: HARTOYO
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2020 05:14
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2020 05:14
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/18920

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