Evizal, Rusdi and Sumaryo, Sumaryo and Sa'diyah, Nyimas and Prasetyo, Joko and Prasmatiwi, Fembriarti Erry and Nurmayasari, Indah (2016) FARM PERFORMANCE AND PROBLEM AREA OF COCOA PLANTATION IN LAMPUNG PROVINCE, INDONESIA. In: USR INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON FOOD SECURITY, 23 – 24 August 2016, Bandar Lampung Indonesia.

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In the last ten years, the trend of cocoa field productivity in this province was decreasing.This study aimed to explore farm performance and problems of cocoa plantation in Lampung.Two regencies representing low land and mountainous land of cocoa smallholder plantations were purposively chosen; in which 500 farmers were randomly drawn to be interviewed from two districts of every regency with large cocoa areas. Field survey was conducted at one cocoa village with highest elevation of black pod disease. We found that cocoa farming system in Lampung was mixed cropping 60.6% and monoculture 39.4%. Coconut and banana were the main mixed crops with importance value (IV) 94.3% and 37.4% and yield index 134% and 119% respectively. Meanwhile, Parkiaspeciosa, rubber, clove, coffee, durio, nutmeg, and long pepperwere minor mixed crops. A 94% of sample farmers figured the fall of cocoa yield was because of black pod disease. Irregular pruning and less farm sanitation especially on waste of pod husk and disease infected pod mayinduced black pod disease. From 9 national clones we calculated the severity score was 2.79 (0-10 score level) and from 4 local clones the scoreswas 4.46. However, Sul2 as one of national clones indicated as atolerant clone with the lowest score of 0.91. Key words: cocoa, clone, disease, mixed crops, severity, tolerant, yield index

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Agronomi dan Hortikultura
Depositing User: RUSDI EVIZ
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2020 01:37
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2020 01:37
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/18732

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